List of Nigerian Past Leaders From 1960-date – This article provides you with detailed information on the Nigerian past leaders from 1960-date and/or Nigerian Presidents From 1960-date. But before we go into that I want you to take a look or read a little of Nigerian History.
Brief History Of Nigeria – Nigerian Past Leaders From 1960-date
The history of Nigeria can be traced to prehistoric dwellers in around 11,000 BC, culminating to the numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is today Nigeria. Those major ancient civilizations that settles in Nigeria were Nri Kingdom, Hausa Kingdoms and Yoruba Kingdom each of which were briefly discussed here.
Islam reached Nigeria through the Hausa States during the 11th century. The Songhai Empire also occupied part of the region. Lagos was captured by British forces in 1851 and formally annexed in 1861. Nigeria became a British protectorate in 1901. Colonization lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded in gaining Nigeria its independence.
Nigeria first became a republic in 1963, but succumbed to military rule in 1966 after a bloody coup d’état. A separatist movement later formed the Republic of Biafra in 1967, leading to the three-year Nigerian Civil War. Nigeria became a republic once again after a new constitution was written in 1979.
However, the second republic was short-lived, when the military led by Major General Muhammadu Buhari seize power again four years later. Buhari was overthrown and a new republic was founded in August 1993, but was dissolved again by General Sani Abacha in November 1993. Abacha died in 1998 and a fourth republic was later established the following year, ending three decades of intermittent military rule with Maj. Gen. Abdulsalami Abubakar making way for Democratic era that made Obasanjo the first president after the military rule.
The Hausa Kingdoms were a collection of states started by the Hausa people, situated between the Niger River and Lake Chad. Their history is reflected in the Bayajidda legend, which describes the adventures of the Baghdadi hero Bayajidda culmulating in the killing of the snake in the well of Daura and the marriage with the local queen Magajiya Daurama. while the hero had a child with the queen, Bawo, and another child with the queen’s maid-servant, Karbagari.
Historically the Yoruba people have been the dominant group on the west bank of the Niger. Their nearest linguistic relatives are the Igala who live on the opposite side of the Niger’s divergence from the Benue, and from whom they are believed to have split about 2,000 years ago.
The Yoruba were organized in mostly patrilineal groups that occupied village communities and subsisted on agriculture. From approximately the 8th century, adjacent village compounds called ile coalesced into numerous territorial city-states in which clan loyalties became subordinate to dynastic chieftains. Urbanization was accompanied by high levels of artistic achievement, particularly in terracotta and ivory sculpture and in the sophisticated metal casting produced at Ife.
The city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umueri clan, who trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure, Eri. Eri’s origins are unclear, though he has been described as a “sky being” sent by Chukwu (God). He has been characterized as having first given societal order to the people of Anambra.
Here are the List and Details Of Nigerian Past Leaders From 1960-date – Read and enjoy
On October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence from Britain. An all-Nigerian Executive Council was headed by a Prime Minister, Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa.
On November 16, 1960, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, became the first Governor-General of a Federation of three Regions of the North, East and West, with Lagos as the Federal Capital. Each of the Regions was headed by a Premier with a Governor as Ceremonial Head.
On October 1, 1963, Nigeria became a Federal Republic and severed whatever ties were left with Britain. Nigeria decided, however, to remain in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The Governor- General’s position was, therefore, re-designated as President. In January 1966, a group of army officers, led by Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu, overthrew the central and regional governments, killed the prime minister, tried to take control of the government in a failed coup d’état. Nzeogwu was countered, captured and imprisoned by General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi. General Aguiyi-Ironsi was named Military Head of State.
In July 1966, a group of northern army officers revolted against the government, killed General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, and appointed the army chief of staff, General Yakubu Gowon as the head of the new military government.
In 1975, Gen. Yakubu Gowon was deposed and General Murtala Mohammed was the Head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria until his assassination in 1976.
In 1976 Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo was made head of state in a meeting of the Supreme Military Council. Keeping the chain of command established by Murtala Muhammed in place.
In 1979, Nigeria adopted a constitution that was modelled on the Constitution of the United States, with provision for a President, Senate, and House of Representatives.
In October 1979, after more than 13 years of military rule, Nigeria was returned to democratic rule. The National Party of Nigeria emerged victorious in the presidential election and Alhaji Shehu Shagari was elected President.
December 31, 1983, the military overthrew the Second Republic. Maj. Gen. Muhammadu Buhari emerged as the Chairman of the Supreme Military Council (SMC), the new Head of State.
In August 1985, the Gen. Buhari government was peacefully overthrown by the then Army Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Ibrahim Babangida. Babangida became the President and chairman Armed Forces Ruling Council.
In 1993, General Babangida steps down in August and chooses interim government. Ernest Shonekan was named as interim president. Gen. Sani Abacha seizes power from Shonekan in November 1993, he became the president and Chairman Provisional Ruling Council.
On 8 June 1998, General Abacha dies at the presidential villa (Aso Rock) in the Nigerian capital, Abuja. Maj. Gen. Abdulsalami Abubakar became the new president and Chairman Provisional Ruling Council.
In May 1999, Maj. Gen. Abdulsalami Abubakar steps down and the former military head of state Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo became the newly elected civilian president. Gen Obasanjo served two terms in office.
In May 2007, Alhaji Umaru Yar’Adua worn the election and was sworn in as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the 13th head of state of Nigeria. Yar’Adua died on 5 May 2010 in the Presidential villa, in Abuja, Nigeria.
On May 6, 2010 Goodluck Ebere Jonathan, the Vice President during Yar’Adua regime became the Acting President. He later became the President after the death of Yar’adua, and afterwards Contested and won the 2011 Presidential elections.
2015, Goodluck Ebere Jonathan lost the election on the platform of Peoples Democratic Party PDP to All Progressives Congress (APC) presidential candidate Maj. Gen. Muhammadu Buhari making it his second spell as Nigerian Leader (First as Military Head of State and now as President of Nigeria) after unsuccessful attempt to run for contesting for the office of President in the 2003, 2007 and 2011 general elections. And Finally emerged as the winner of 2015 General Election.
Maj. Gen. Muhammadu Buhari (2015-date) is the current president.
I believe you are totally cleared on the above given information on Nigerian past leaders from 1960-date. Thanks for visiting www.jamborgng.info.