HIV TRANSMISSION RATE IN USA – HIV Diagnosesa, In 2015, 39,513 people were diagnosed with HIV infection in the United States. The number of new HIV diagnoses fell 19% from 2005 to 2014. Because HIV testing has remained stable or increased in recent years, this decrease in diagnoses suggests a true decline in new infections. The decrease may be due to targeted HIV prevention efforts. However, progress has been uneven, and diagnoses have increased among a few groups.
HIV TRANSMISSION RATE IN USA
Gay and bisexual menb are the population most affected by HIV. In 2015c:
Gay and bisexual men accounted for 82% (26,375) of HIV diagnoses among males and 67% of all diagnoses.
HIV TRANSMISSION RATE IN USA : Black/African Americand gay and bisexual men accounted for the largest number of HIV diagnoses (10,315), followed by white gay and bisexual men (7,570).
Among all gay and bisexual men, trends have varied by race and over time. From 2005 to 2014:
Among white gay and bisexual men, diagnoses dropped steadily, declining 18% overall.
Among Hispanic/Latinoe gay and bisexual men, diagnoses rose by 24%.
Although diagnoses among African American gay and bisexual men increased 22%, they have leveled off in the past 5 years, increasing less than 1% since 2010.
Young African American gay and bisexual men (aged 13 to 24) experienced an 87% increase in diagnoses. But since 2010, diagnoses have declined 2%.
AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths – HIV TRANSMISSION RATE IN USA
In 2015, 18,303 people were diagnosed with AIDS. Since the epidemic began in the early 1980s, 1,216,917 people have been diagnosed with AIDS.
In 2014, there were 12,333 deaths (due to any cause) of people with diagnosed HIV infection ever classified as AIDS, and 6,721 deaths were attributed directly to HIV.
a. HIV and AIDS diagnoses refer to the estimated number of people diagnosed with HIV infection, regardless of stage of disease at diagnosis, and AIDS during a given time period.
b. The term men who have sex with men is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates a behavior that transmits HIV infection, not how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality. This fact sheet uses the term gay and bisexual men to include gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men, regardless of how they self-identify.
c.These numbers include only diagnoses attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, not those attributed to injection drug use and male-to-male sexual contact.
HIV TRANSMISSION RATE IN USA
d. Referred to as African American in this fact sheet.
e. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
f. The term male-to-male sexual contact is used in CDC surveillance systems to indicate a behavior that transmits HIV infection, not how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality.
g. This fact sheet uses the regions defined by the US Census Bureau and used in CDC’s National HIV Surveillance System.